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Trademark Hearing


Trademark Hearing (during the trademark registration) may come at two occasions. Generally speaking; after the examination report is issued in case of Trademark Objection, trademark applicant is asked to submit REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT within a month or request for Trademark Hearing directly. Even after reply to objection, if Trademark Registry is not satisfied, they give the applicant an option of Ready for Show Cause Hearing. In another case, Trademark Hearing is caused when there is an Opponent of your Trademark Application vide TM-O after Accepted & Advertised status/ Advertised before Accepted where you must first submit a Counter Statement and then proceed for the hearing to safeguard your TM from being refused.

What is Show Cause Hearing

Show Cause Hearings are held when a trademark application is objected to and a REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT is submitted to the Trademark Examiner, and the Trademark Examiner is still unsatisfied with the submissions. The applicant has the option of attending the trademark hearing in person or through a Trademark Agent/Attorney. During the TM Hearing, if objections are waived off on merit, the trademark application is published in the TM Journal.

Reason for Trademark Hearings

When a trademark application is filed with the Registrar of Trademarks, it goes through various stages of trademark registration status. The Trademark Examiner examines the trademark application at the initial stage, and if he finds that the application is incorrect or similar to an existing trademark or lacks distinctiveness and is not valid as per various grounds listed in the Trademarks Act, then he may raise objection against registration of such trademark. If the Examiner raises any objection, the applicant must file an objection reply and prove how his mark qualifies for a valid registration. If the Trademark examiner is satisfied with the applicant's reply, he may accept the trademark, publish it in the Trademark Journal, and proceed with registration. If TM Department is not satisfied with the applicant's reply to the Examination Report, he must issue the Trademark Hearing Notice to the applicant for a Trademark Hearing.

Is Trademark Hering Mandatory Under TM Objection

Once the applicant has received the Examination Report which contains trademark objection under Section 9 or 11, you are required to submit REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT or request for a TM Hearing. On the basis of your response to objection, the Registrar will review the reply to an objection and read all contentions submitted within 30 days of the issuance of the examination report. At the Registrar's discretion, the demands to accept and protect the reply filed must be accepted. If the reply filled by the trademark is not met, the condition of the trademark will be updated to "Ready for show cause hearing" with an alert. It becomes mandatory to attend Trademark Hearing in the absence of which the mark is changed to Abandoned.

How to Know The Trademark hearing Date and Officer Name

After the status of Ready for show cause hearing is updated as an alert, within a few months, the Trademark Officer name including the Date of Hearing is updated on the Trademark Portal. A proper notice for hearing is also uploaded on the TM Status URL of the IP India Website. If the hearing has to be conducted in the virtual mode, the link to the attend the hearing is provided in 2-3 days before the trademark hearing. Further, the name of the hearing officer involved will be listed. To guarantee that your brand name doesn't get abandoned, you need to track online your trademark status and must attend the Trademark Hearing.

Documents Required for Trademark Hearing

  • iconTrademark Application Number
  • iconNotice of Trademark Hearing (if available)
  • iconApplicant's KYC and supporting documents
  • iconLetter of Authorization/Power of Attorney
  • iconAuthorization Letter to attend trademark hearing
  • iconUsage Affidavit to prove the mark existence and presence
  • iconAdditional submissions - Any goodwill gained through trademark usage or relevant documentary evidence supporting the case must be submitted
  • iconAny other documents depending on the merit of the TM to strengthen our case

Legal Procedures of Trademark Hearing

Show Cause Hearing Notice

When the hearing date is set, the Trademark Office will send a show-cause notice informing the applicant of the date, time, and location of the hearing and requesting that the applicant appear in person or through an authorised representative.

Power of Attorney or Authorization Letter

The proprietor/applicant of the trademark must provide our representative with an authorization letter or power of attorney, authorising the Agent or Trademark Attorney to appear on his behalf before the Trademark Hearing Officer.

Preparation for the Trademark Hearing

Our team will review the application and prepare the necessary contentions/ arguments to be given to the Hearing Officer for trademark registration.

Hearing before the Trademark Examiner

To have the trademark registered, our TM Agent/ Attorney shall attend the scheduled hearing before the Trademark Examiner and provide valid justification as to why the trademark application should be allowed to be published in the TM Journal.

Trademark Registrar's Final Decision

Following the hearing and submission of required evidence and documents, the Trademark Examiner has the discretion to accept or refuse the trademark application. The decision can be made on the date of the hearing, or the Registrar can postpone it for a few days.

Features & Benefits of Trademark Hearing

To prevent Trademark from being refused or abandoned

If the applicant has responded to the examination report by filing a trademark objection reply and the trademark examiner is not satisfied with the reply, the applicant must attend or cause a TM Agent/ Attorney to attend the hearing to provide additional justification, or the application will be marked as Abandoned by the Examiner. After the trademark hearing, the trademark application may be refused if the Hearing Officer is not satisfied with the submission.

TM Hearing allows for the submission of additional evidence or documents

When a trademark hearing is held, the applicant is given another opportunity to explain why his mark should be registered and why the Examiner should waive the objection remarks. At the hearing, the Applicant/TM Agent/ Attorney may also provide or submit any additional evidence or documents that can strengthen the case.

The Registrar has the authority to accept a trademark application subject to conditions, amendments, modifications, or limitations.

If a trademark is objected to by the trademark examiner, the hearing officer during the hearing has the authority to accept the trademark with certain conditions / limitations / amendments / modifications.