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Proprietorship Firm Registration

The Proprietorship firm in India are a type of business entity that is owned, controlled, managed by one person. The micro, small and medium enterprise owners prefer to get registered as Proprietorship Firm in India. The proprietor has the responsibility for all assets and liabilities of the Proprietorship Firm.

Any Indian citizen can get a Proprietorship Firm registration, having a current bank account in sole name or name of the business to take the business forward and operate. The Proprietor should apply for GST Registration on the GST Portal, MSME Registration on the Udyam Portal and obtain Shop & Establishment Registration. In case of Proprietorship Firm, the PAN of Proprietor and Firm are the same.

Under the Companies Act, 2013; MCA have introduced One Person Company Registration to give window to solopreneurs to register a Private Limited Company without needing to dilute his/ her shares. It means 100% shareholding will vest with only one person and that is why it is popularly known as One Person Company (OPC).

To be on the safer side, it is advisable to file Trademark Application to save your brand name/ logo. Trademark once registered is valid for 10 years and available for renewal.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Proprietorship Firm Registration



Easy registration

Personal liability

Simple requirements

Business continuity

Complete Control

Raising Funds

Less compliance

Restricted growth

Easy Decision making

Unorganised business category

Documents Required for Proprietorship Firm Registration

The below are the documents required for a Proprietorship Firm registration in India to run a business.

  • iconCopy of the PAN Card of the owner
  • iconCopy of Aadhar card/ voter ID/ DL/ Passport
  • iconUtility bill i.e., electricity/water bill/ rent agreement/ NOC
  • iconCancelled Cheque / Bank Statement

Registrations required for Proprietorship Firm

  • iconRegister duly as a Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) under MSME Act
  • iconShop and establishment Act license per the local laws
  • iconGST registration (annual turnover above 20lakhs/ online business)

In addition to the above, there may be additional registrations and license required depending upon the state, industry and local regulations.

Timeline for Proprietorship Firm Registration

The Proprietorship Firm registration usually takes 2 weeks; however, it would again be dependent on various factors like the processing timelines on part of bank and government procedures.

Legal Procedures of Proprietorship Firm Registration

Registering a Proprietorship Firm Online

To begin with the registration, the PAN and Aadhar of the owner is essential.

GST Registration – The Proprietor must obtain the GST registration through the GST portal where the turnover is more than 20 lakhs and to run an online business and the below documents are required:

  • iconPAN of the owner
  • iconDigital Signature Certificate (DSC) ofAuthorised Signatory
  • iconDeclaration as authorisation to Authorised Signatory
  • iconConsent of owner for GST Registration Certificate
  • iconPassport photo of Owner and Authorised Signatory
  • iconBank account details through a cancelled cheque
  • iconThe copy of rental/ lease agreement (name of owner)
  • iconAddress proof documents
  • iconUtility bills and other documents are required to be produced

Opening a Bank Account – The Bank account should be in the name of business owner using the owner’s PAN and submitting the below:

  • iconGST Registration certificate
  • iconShop & Establishment Act license
  • iconBank may accept the Importer Exporter Code (IEC) issued to the Proprietorship Firm by the DGFT officer as a document
  • iconLicense issued by registering authorities such as ICAI, ICSI, Indian Medical Council etc.

Shop & Establishment Act – The process to avail the Shop & Establishment Act license for Proprietorship Firm would vary from state to state and is usually obtained within 2–3-week time period.

Features & Benefits of Proprietorship Firm Registration

Compliances for Proprietorship Firm

The following compliances should be adhered as applicable to Proprietorship Firm where the turnover is more than INR 2.5 Lakhs for IT return.

  • icon1. Income Tax filing – The proprietor of the Proprietorship Firm should file the income tax return on time using the e-form ITR-3 or ITR-4. The business income shall be declared duly in the income tax return forms per the income tax regulations.
  • icon2. GST Return – the proprietor once avails the GST Registration should file the GST Return every month and quarter as applicable per the business scheme under which the business activity has been registered.
  • icon3. TDS Return – proprietorship firm having employees or transaction of goods and services crossing a certain threshold, respective amount of tax must be deducted at source and TDS Return should be filed every quarter.

The Proprietor can undertake any business activity depending on the industries and sectors. Though per the law, there are certain listed activities which requires special approval from Government such as insurance, banking functions, lending, telecommunications, defence. It is advisable to seek the advice of a professional consultant or legal expert to understand the compliance requirements and ensure that the business operates in compliance with local laws and regulations.